The European Business Council for Africa

Connecting people and markets within and between African countries and regions is a longstanding aspiration and a
core part of the African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA). In this line, the AfCFTA aims to (1) address the challenge
of multiple and overlapping regional economic community memberships and speed up regional and continental
integration processes, and (2) contribute to the movement of people, which aligns with the African Union Free
Movement Protocol (AU-FMP).

This paper discusses these two objectives and looks at how the AfCFTA and the FMP alter the state relations on trade
and movement of people, and how AfCFTA implementation will interact with existing regional agendas and initiatives. It
looks at policy statements and the political economy dynamics likely to shape integration and cooperation efforts, and
helps identify policy priorities for African stakeholders at the national, regional and continental levels, as well as their
external partners.

We find that rather than streamlining regimes, the coexistence of continental and regional frameworks creates parallel
processes. As it stands, the AfCFTA and the FMP will coexist with a regional subset of distinct trade and free movement
regimes in negotiations, institutional set-ups and implementation. More coordination between continental and regional
processes is therefore needed, possibly complemented by sui generis agreements with different regional bodies.
Policymakers and their partners should also seek stronger links between the AfCFTA and the FMP and identify where
these could help create traction for existing regional processes, as well as where existing regional processes can support
AfCFTA and FMP implementation.


Read the full paper here.