The European Business Council for Africa

The focus this week is on peace and security. In full ‘what-is-our-next-budget-going-to-look-like’ frenzy that is so palpable in and around the EU institutions, we look specifically at how to finance peace and security operations in Africa.

Can the 0.2% levy fund peace and security in Africa? A stronger AU-UN partnership in accordance with WTO rules
Part of the African Union’s 0.2% import levy is meant to finance peace support operations on the continent. Although there was no legal challenge, the question among some members of the World Trade Organization (WTO) is whether the levy breaches WTO regulations. Article XXI of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) and the UN Charter might be key in offering a legal justification for the levy. Read the brief

What lessons from the African Peace Facility for supporting African peace?

One of the ideas for the next EU budget is to create an off-budget European Peace Facility that would include the current African Peace Facility (APF). But what should support to African peace and security look like in the future? The recent evaluation of the APF might give some important pointers. Read the blog

The Week of 6–13 April 2018

Report: Iran 
Briefing: Nigeria
Iran-U.S. Trigger List: Syria
Commentary: Sudan/South Sudan, Syria, U.S., El Salvador, China/Venezuela, Mexico
Interviews: Syria, Israel/Palestine
Quotes: Syria, Somalia, Saudi Arabia, U.S., Colombia, Iran, Sri Lanka, Nigeria, Israel/Palestine
Careers: Asia, Europe & Central Asia, Central Asia, West Bank, New York

Read the article

The first Compass of April examines the complex relationship between the European Union and different categories of countries in Africa, each with their own features and interests.

Sailing new waters in international cooperation: On the way to framing future EU engagement with more advanced developing countries
More advanced developing countries are important partners for the European Union. But the future of the Union's engagement with the multiple actors in these countries needs to be guided by clearer objectives and stronger policy guidance. A partnership approach requires these countries’ demands to be taken into account. The next EU budget offers a golden opportunity to rethink future relationships. Read the paper 

What is the European External Investment Plan really about?

Extensive private investment is required to meet development challenges. By providing a new guarantee mechanism and technical assistance in the European External Investment Plan (EIP), the EU aims to attract investors, particularly in least developed and more fragile countries. This paper offers a comprehensive overview of the EIP and reveals its weaknesses. Read the paper 

Breaking the silence on North Africa: A new EU-Africa partnership after 2020

This op-ed for EURACTIV underlines that clarifying North Africa’s involvement in the post-Cotonou negotiations from the start is key for the future of the EU-Africa partnership after 2020. Read the op-ed 

The Week of 30 March – 6 April 2018

CrisisWatch: March/April 2018
Report: DR Congo
Newly Translated Briefing: Tajikistan
Commentary: Mexico, Israel/Palestine, China/Venezuela, U.S.
Media Release: Sierra Leone
Interviews: El Salvador
Quotes: Israel/Hizbollah, Russia, Saudi Arabia/Yemen, Nigeria, Iran, Iraq, DR Congo
Careers: Asia, Europe & Central Asia, Central Asia, West Bank

Read the article

The Week of 23 – 30 March 2018

Commentary: North Caucasus, U.S., China/North Korea 
Newly Translated Commentary: Saudi Arabia/Yemen
Interviews: China/Korean Peninsula, Yemen
Video: Venezuela
Quotes: North Korea/China, Iraq, China, U.S., Syria, Egypt, Turkey
Careers: Europe & Central Asia

Read the article

Just months before Zimbabwe’s general election, Nelson Chamisa’s power grab is damaging the opposition’s chances. 
by Derek Matyszak 
Read more

Artisanal gold mining in the DRC: Time to get down to earth?

While the hazardous working conditions and environmental pollution in artisanal and small-scale mining often attract international attention, the employment opportunities of the sector - currently supporting the livelihood of 10 to 15 million miners worldwide - are mostly overlooked. The paper illustrates the challenges in the eastern provinces of DRC and draws out implications for development partners. Read the paper

Because of the Easter holidays, there will be no Compass next week but we will be back on 10 April.

The Week of 16 – 23 March 2018
Report: Venezuela
Newly Translated Reports: Tajikistan, Korean Peninsula, Turkey
Commentary: Turkey, Ukraine, Saudi Arabia/Yemen, Afghanistan, Iran, Northern Triangle
Interview: Venezuela
Video: Lebanon
Quotes: Persian Gulf, U.S., Iraq, Iran, Israel/Palestine, Sri Lanka, Sudan
Careers: Brussels (preferred)

      Read the report

"KIGALI, Rwanda — African leaders on Wednesday signed what is being called the largest free trade agreement since the creation of the World Trade Organization.

The deal creates a continental market of 1.2 billion people, with a combined gross domestic product of more than $3.4 trillion. A major goal is to boost intra-African trade and rely less on the volatility of commodity prices that affect many exports."

Read the article